Otto Dix: The ‘Madness’ of Modern Warfare

Above image: Otto Dix, Sturmtruppe geht unter Gas vor (Stormtroops advancing under a gas attack), 1924 [Courtesy of: lewebpedagogique.com] I recently visited an exhibition of German artist Otto Dix's series of prints entitled Der Krieg (The War) at the De La Warr Pavilion in Bexhill, East Sussex. I studied this series for my undergraduate dissertation … Continue reading Otto Dix: The ‘Madness’ of Modern Warfare

Pre-World War I: Primitivism, Nostalgia and the Rise of German Expressionism

German Expressionism was born out of the influence of a variety of earlier movements, styles and subject matter, and of course, through the discontent of many avant-garde artists with recent modernisation and the alienation of urban living. Paul Gauguin (1848 – 1903), a French Post-Impressionist, proved significantly influential on the works of German Expressionists. Gauguin … Continue reading Pre-World War I: Primitivism, Nostalgia and the Rise of German Expressionism

Social and Political Theories of Alienation and the Appearance of ‘Madness’

Germany, at the turn of the twentieth century saw major shifts from an agrarian economy to a modern industrial economy. Under Otto von Bismarck, who oversaw the unification of Germany in the late nineteenth century, the years 1870 until 1890 saw a huge period of transformation and an increase in Bourgeois power; these years were … Continue reading Social and Political Theories of Alienation and the Appearance of ‘Madness’